BLACK JELLY MUSHROOM
Black Jelly Mushroom known as the Jew’s Ear, Jelly Ear. The mushroom can be found throughout the year in temperate regions worldwide, where it grows upon both dead and living wood.
Scientific name: Auricularia polytricha
Other names: Wood ear mushroom, Black jelly mushroom, Muk nge
(1) Ear-shaped gelatinous cup fungus
(2) Colour: purplish grey, brown to dingy brown
(3) 2 – 15 cm broad
(4) Covered with a medulla of fine hairs
(5) Smooth surface that wrinkled in the center and upturned towards the outer edges.
High in protein, fiber, calcium and zinc; Low in fat (Lu & Tang, 1986)
(1) Hypocholesterolemia – lowers cholesterol levels in blood (Kaneda & Tokuda, 1966)
(2) Hypolipidemic – lowers lipid concentration in blood (Yang et al., 2002)
(3) Hypoglycaemic – lowers blood glucose level
(6) Antibacterial effects against Gram-positive bacteria (Lu & Tang, 1986)
(c) Kaneda, T. and Tokuda, S. (1966) Effects of various mushroom preparations on cholesterol levels in rats. Journal of Nutrition 90: 371-376.
(d) Lu, J. V. and Tang, A. V. (1986) Cellulolytic enzymes and antibacterial activity of Auricularia polytricha. Journal of Food Science 51(3): 668-669.
(e) Yang, B. K., Ha, J. Y., Jeong, S. C., Jeon, Y. J., Ra, K. S., Das, S., Yun, J. W., and Song, C. H. (2002) Hypolipidemic effect of an exo-biopolymer produced from submerged mycelial culture of Auricularia polytricha in rats. Biotechnology Letters 24: 1319-1325.