MONKEY HEAD MUSHROOM
Monkey Head Mushroom is an edible or medicinal mushroom in the tooth fungus group. It can be identified by its tendency to grow all the spines out from one group, long spines and its appearance on hardwoods.
Scientific name: Hericium erinaceus
Other names: Hegdehog mushroom, Lion mane mushroom
(1) Fruiting body: 8-40cm across, one unbranched clump of 1-6cm, soft spines hanging from a tough, hidden “base” attached to the substrate
(2) Colour: White that discoloured with age into brownish or yellowish
(1) Will not cause or induce mutation (Wang et al., 2001)
(2) Hyperglycemic effects – lowers blood glucose levels (Wang et al., 2005)
(3) Hyperlipidemic effects – reduces lipid concentrations in serum (Yang, Park & Song, 2003)
(4) Antitumor effects – activates natural killer (NK) cells to destroy cancer cells in the body (Yim et al., 2007)
(5) Effects on the Central Nervous System (CNS):
- Increased myelination process of forming a myelin sheath around a nerve fiber (Kolotushkina et al., 2003)
- Prevention of neuronal cell deaths by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress due to the presence of dilinoleoyl-phosphatidylethanolamine inH. erinaceus (Nagai et al., 2006)
- Decreased levels of nerve growth (NGF) in degenerative diseases can be stimulated to secrete in larger amounts due to the presence of erinacines and hericecones (Lee et al., 2000)
NOTE : Mushroom is not intended to use as a medicine to treat any illnesses. It is only recommended as food supplement for general health.
(1) Kuo, M. (2003, October). Hericium erinaceus. Retrieved from theMushroomExpert.Com Web site:http://www.mushroomexpert.com/hericium_erinaceus.html
(2) Kolotushkina, E. V., Moldavan, M. G., Voronin, K. Y., and Skibo, G. G. (2003) The influence of Hericium erinaceus on myelination process in vitro.Fiziolohichnyi Zhurnal 49(1): 38-45.
(3) Lee, E. W., Shizuki, K., Hosokawa, S., Suzuki, M., Suganuma, H., Inakuma, T., Li, J., Ohnishi-Kameyama, M., Nagata, T., Furukawa, S. and Kawagishi, H. (2000) Two novel diterpenoids, erinacines H and I from the mycelia of Hericium erinaceus. Bioscience Biotechnolohy Biochemistry 64(11): 2402-2405.
(4) Nagai, K., Chiba, A., Nishino, T., Kubota, T., and Kawagishi, H. (2006) Dilinoleoyl-phosphatidylethanolamine from Hericium erinaceus protects against ER stress-dependent Neuro2a cell death via protein kinase C pathway.Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 17: 525-530.
(5) Wang, J. C., Hu, S. H., Lee, W. L., and Tsai, L. Y. (2001) Antimmutagenicity of extracts of Hericium erinaceus. The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Science 17(5): 230-238.
(6) Wang, J. C., Hu, S. H., Wang, J. T., Chen, K. S., and Chia, Y. C. (2005) Hypoglycemic effect of extract of Hericium erinaceus . Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 85: 641-646.
(7) Yang, B. K., Park, J. B., and Song, C. H. (2003) Hypolipidemic effect of an exo-biopolymer produced from a submerged mycelia culture of Hericium erinaceus. Bioscience Biotechnology Biochemistry 67(6): 1292-1298.
(8) Yim, M. H., Shin, J. W., Son, J. Y., Oh, S. M., Han, S. H., Cho, J. H., Cho, C. H., Yoo, H. S., Lee, Y. W., and Son, C. G. (2007) Soluble components ofHericium erinaceus induce NK cell activation via production of interleukin-12 in mice splenocytes. Acta Pharmacol Sin 28(6): 901-907.